Pathological investigations are essential within the framework of SVA's diagnostic activities. Commissions may be received from both private animal-owners, veterinarians and national authorities, such as the National Board of Agriculture and the National Food Administration. The animal species most commonly examined are farm animals, horses, cats and dogs. However, the commissions include a wide range of species - from elephants to mice.
Pathology is the science of the study of disease, and in practice is the ability to recognize lesions in the live or dead animals. Many times, changes can be seen directly in the body or tissues examined. Other times the changes caused by diseases can only be revealed by studying the tissues under the microscope.
The examination of animals after death (necropsy) has a central role when searching for the cause of diseases. Apart from dead animals, samples of tissues from dead or live animals may also be submitted for examination. Through the necropsy, and microscopical studies of tissues, commonly asked questions like: "Why did this animal die, when or how did the injury occur" or "Is this tumour malignant or benign?" may be answered.
The pathological-anatomical examinations are especially important when investigating outbreaks of disease. In problems caused by infectious agents or poisoning, it is critically important to rapidly identify the causal factor in order to introduce countermeasures that will save other animals or even humans and will reduce the economical looses. The Pathology Department at SVA carries out BSE-testing. The test is accredited in accordance with current European quality standards.
You are welcome to contact SVA with your questions concerning pathology in veterinary medicine.