2018 - 2021
COHESIVE – a One Health EJP Joint Integrative Project
COHESIVE is an EJP Joint Integrative Project, aiming at creating a European One Health structure and capacity building within and between EU countries at several levels in the area of zoonotic diseases.
The project has four major objectives:
1. Stimulating One Health approaches at the national level within EU countries (EJP partner member states), focussing on strengthening human‐veterinary collaboration with respect to early signalling and assessing zoonotic threats. Examples of best practise methods will be used to design common procedures and tools, taking into account similarities and differences between countries. Barriers for efficient collaboration will be identified and solutions to overcome these will be incorporated in the procedures and tools. Importantly, the project will facilitate in the first step of creating support for a One Health structure by organizing local workshops with national stakeholders. In addition, a systematic way to assess zoonotic threats will be developed to be used within the One Health structures.
2. Roadmap towards an EU zoonoses risk‐assessment of risk‐analysis structure. A starting point will be to bring together existing risk analysis and epidemiological tools, skills and facilities that are required for a ‘one‐health’ surveillance over member states borders. Also assessing the barriers encountered by surveillance experts and recommending changes to be made to overcome them and ensure that surveillance experts have access to exactly the tools and data that are needed to provide a comprehensive surveillance service. This includes exploration of the use and possible implementation of early warning systems across Europe. Since this is also an important topic within EFSA and ECDC it is important to have them involved in this project. When an eventual goal is an integrated sustainable EU zoonoses risk assessment or risk‐analysis structure, the goals within this project can be considered as first steps.
3. Design and test a common platform for the collection and analysis of surveillance and outbreak data on (foodborne) zoonoses. The aim of this platform is to provide IT tools and data that are quickly available, usable and helpful in outbreak situations and for risk assessments. Especially tools for tracing, WGS and standardized risk assessments will be established, harmonized and improved. All tools will be accessible through one software platform (open source), which will be freely available in the cloud as online and easy to use applications. Interoperability with the main data exchange systems at EU level will be ensured such the TESSy platform and the EFSA zoonoses data collection system.
4. Capacity building within and between EU countries at several levels within the area of zoonotic diseases. In this project achieving improved collaboration between the human and veterinary domain is a major goal. This can be achieved at different levels (executive level, communication, policy makers) both within and between countries by building and maintaining networks of surveillance expertise.
Several pilots will be organized in which the developed tools (guidelines for setting‐up a ‘One Health Structure’, risk‐assessment tool, early warning tool, data platform) will be tested. This will be done within countries as well as several countries together. In addition, knowledge, guidelines and tools from all the project deliverables will be made available.
In this EJP joint integrative project 18 institutes of nine EU member states collaborate. Lead institute is the National Institute for Public Healht and Environment int the Netherlands (RIVM).