The situation in Sweden regarding antibiotic resistance in bacteria from humans has been, and still is, favourable from an international perspective. One contributing factor is that our strategies to promote the responsible use of antibiotics and to limit the spread of antibiotic resistance are effective. Despite our relatively good situation, there are problems with cross infection and increasing antibiotic resistance, which calls for continued efforts in preventive work. Important examples are the recurrent outbreaks of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in hospitals, and an increasing number of health care related clusters of ESBLCARBA.
The reduction of antibiotic sales for humans continued in 2020, after several years of decreasing trends. Compliance with treatment recommendations is increasing, thus decreasing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
In veterinary medicine, sales of antibiotics have decreased markedly since the mid 80s. During the last years, sales seem to have stabilised at a comparatively low level. The occurrence of resistance among bacteria from animals has generally been stable at low or moderate levels. For some substances and in some bacteria the occurrence of resistance is even declining. One example of this is the occurrence of ESBL producing Escherichia coli among broilers that has declined significantly. There are however exceptions, and for example resistance to ampicillin, sulphonamides, and trimethoprim has increased in indicator E.coli from both broilers and pigs.
|Swedres-Svarm 2019 (pdf)||2020|
|Swedres-Svarm 2018 (pdf)*||2019|
|Swedres-Svarm 2017 (pdf)||2018|
|Swedres-Svarm 2016 (pdf)||2017|
|Swedres-Svarm 2015 (pdf)||2016|
|Swedres-Svarm 2014 (pdf)||2015|
|Swedres-Svarm 2013 (pdf)||2014|
|Swedres-Svarm 2012 (pdf)||2013|
|Swedres-Svarm 2011 (pdf)||2012|
|Swedres-Svarm 2010 (pdf)||2011|
|Swedres-Svarm 2009 (pdf)||2010|
|Swedres-Svarm 2008 (pdf)||2009|
|Swedres-Svarm 2007 (pdf)||2008|
|Swedres-Svarm 2006 (pdf)||2007|
|Swedres-Svarm 2005 (pdf)||2006|
|Swedres-Svarm 2004 (pdf)||2005|
|Swedres-Svarm 2003 (pdf)||2004|
|Swedres-Svarm 2002 (pdf)||2003|
|Swedres-Svarm 2001 (pdf)||2002|
|Swedres-Svarm 2000 (pdf)||2001|
*One figure (3.31) in the printed report Swedres-Svarm 2018 is incorrect. The figure has been corrected in the PDF file that is accessible online.